• Artist: Jésus Raphael Soto
  • Creation date: 1964
  • Object type: Sculpture

On display: Room 078 The Collection Exhibition - Optical shock


As was the case with several other artists from Venezuela, Jésus Rafael Soto moved from his home country to France in the 1950s. It was in Paris that he first encountered kinetic art, a genre that he himself would gradually become a leading exponent of. Soto worked on movement and presence in most of his works.

Like his fellow artists Alexander Calder and Jean Tinguely, Soto was interested in how movement could be represented in a work of art without seeming static. Calder and Tinguely often used mechanics or air currents to create their kinetic sculptures. Soto chose a different strategy, in that he allowed the viewer’s own movement to play a key role in how they experience his artworks.

In Écriture (French for “writing”), thin threads of steel hang motionlessly in front of a background of vertical lines. But as soon as the viewer moves, even if only to shift their standing position, the illusion is created that the work is actually moving. As the the viewer interacts with the work and shifts his or her vantage point, flashes of the writing become visible. Geometric shapes seem to be swinging in front of the surface. Even as the movement makes the viewer aware of new shapes, others vanish. What is it that the viewer is actually seeing? As the viewer moves around it, Écriture resists any sort of definite reading and retains its mystery.

Text: Marthe Tveitan

From "Highlights. Art from 1945 to the Present", Nasjonalmuseet 2016, ISBN 978-82-8154-116-0


Jésus Raphael Soto

Visual artist

Born 1923, death 14.01.2005

Work info

Creation date:
Other titles:
Skriving (NOR)
Écriture (FRA)
Object type:
Materials and techniques:
bemalt tre og metall
  • Height: 102 cm
  • Depth: 16 cm
  • Width: 172 cm
Gave fra Nasjonalgalleriets Venner 1968
Inventory no.:
Part of exhibition:
Kunst 2, 2005 - 2007
Cataloguing level:
Single object
Owner and collection:
Nasjonalmuseet for kunst, arkitektur og design, The Fine Art Collections
© Soto, Jésus Raphael/BONO