Mountainous Landscape with a Blasted Oak Tree

  • Artist: Jacob van Ruisdael
  • Creation date: 1660-tallet
  • Object type: Painting

About

Jacob van Ruisdael was born into a family of artists in Haarlem, near Amsterdam, and learned the trade both from his father Isaak and his uncle Salomon van Ruisdael. He was active during the Dutch Golden Age and is regarded as one of the paramount landscape painters of this epoch. The groundbreaking aspect of van Ruisdael’s art was how he expanded the landscape genre to include more than impartially recording the environs. Though he was trained in the classical style, he would add elements of fantasy and theatricality and thereby lay the foundation for romantic landscape paintings, which reached their apex during the first half of the nineteenth century.

Van Ruisdael specialized in maritime and urban landscapes, which often featured wide panoramas and low horizons, in addition to sylvan landscapes filled with groves, ruins, mills, and waterfalls. He was particularly fond of painting trees, and not least massive oaks, as can be seen in the painting at hand. Exemplifying Ruisdael’s more monumental landscapes, the painting takes in sea, sky, trees, mountains, and a field, but the dominating image remains the ancient oak, wizened and misshapen. The picture is undated, but such images are most typically found at a later stage in the artist’s career.

Van Ruisdael also painted so-called Norwegian landscapes, which were extremely popular in seventeenth-century Dutch landscape painting, thanks to artists such as Allart van Everdingen, who had himself visited Norway. J. C. Dahl would later on copy works by Jacob van Ruisdael while studying at the Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen, and the National Museum owns two of these copies.

Text: Vibeke Waallann Hansen

From "Highlights. Art from Antiquity to 1945", Nasjonalmuseet 2014, ISBN 978-82-8154-088-0

Artist/producer

Jacob van Ruisdael

Billedkunstner

Born 1628 in Haarlem, death 14.03.1682 in Amsterdam, Nederland

Work info

Creation date:
1660-tallet
Other titles:
Bergige Landschaft mit einer grossen Eiche vor einem Kornfeld (GER)
Fjellandskap med gammelt eiketre (NOR)
Object type:
Materials and techniques:
Olje på lerret
Technique:
Material:
Dimensions:
  • Width: 69.5 cm
  • Height: 55.2 cm
Keywords:
Classification:
Motif - type:
Acquisition:
Acquired in 2013
Inventory no.:
NMK.2013.0346
Cataloguing level:
Single object
Owner and collection:
Nasjonalmuseet for kunst, arkitektur og design, The Fine Art Collections